Why must not steal? Why must not kill?

Why must not steal? Why must not kill?
The moral simple question which especially a child and youth hold vaguely exists.

One of the appropriate replies to the question can be found out from Buddhist literature, Samyutta Nikaya.

The Buddha is the Awakened One , or the Enlightened One.
Buddha is explained as follows.

“The person who did the act which deprived of the thing of the others will encounter the fate of which are deprived in the future or next world after death, those who kill others are killed from others in future or next world after death, and those who blame others incur resentment from others in future or next world after death , and those who speak ill receive speaked ill from others in future or next world after death and those who get angry will took receive anger from others in future or next world after death .
A fool considers it natural that there is no reward of evil, while a reward of evil does not fruit. However, when a reward of evil fruits, a fool considers receives suffering.”

The Buddha preached that violence is wrong in Dhammapada.

Dhammapada is the Buddhism literature , or the Buddhism sutra.

The Buddha preached about violence as follows.

「All tremble at violence;

All fear death.

Seeing others as being like yourself,

Do not kill or cause others to kill.

All tremble at violence;

Life is dear for all.

Seeing others as being like yourself,
Do not kill or cause others to kill.

You who seeking own happiness punish or kill beings who also long for happiness, will not find happiness after death.

You who seeking own happiness does not punish or kill beings who also long for happiness, will find happiness after death.
The Buddha is the Awakened One, or the Enlightened One. Sutta-Nipata is one of the Pali Canon. Pali Canon is Buddhism Literature.

The Buddha preached about mercy (benevolence,compassion) as follows in Sutta-Nipata.

“Whatever living beings there are, either feeble or strong, all either long or great ,middle-sized, short , small or large,Either seen or which are not seen , and which live far (or) near, either born or seeking birth , may all creatures be happy-minded.”

“As a mother at the risk of her life watches over her own child, her only child, so also let every one cultivate a boundless (friendly) mind towards all beings.
And let him cultivate goodwill towards all the world,a boundless (friendly) mind, above and below and across ,unobstructed, without hatred, without enmity.
Standing , walking or sitting or lying, as long as he be awake,let him devote himself to this mind ; this (way of) living they say is the best in this world.”

Buddha preached about sacrifice festival of animals as follows in Sutta Nipata.
「(Above sentence abbreviation ) The cows, that are like goats, do not hurt any one with their feet or with either of their horns, they are tender,and yield vessels (of milk)-seizing them by the horns the king caused them to be slain with a weapon.Then the gods,the forefathers, Inda,the Asuras, and the Rakkhasas cried out:“This is injustice ” because of the weapon falling on the cows.There were formerly three diseases:desire,hunger,and decay,but from the slaying of cattle there came ninety-eight.This injustice of (using) violence that has come down (to us), was old ; innocent (cows) are slain,the sacrificing(priests) have fallen off from the Dhamma. So this old and mean Dhamma is blamed by the wise;where people see such a one,they blame the sacrificing priest.So Dhamma being lost ,the Suddas and the Vessikas disagreed, the Khattiyas disagreed in manifold ways,the wife despised her husband. (A next sentence omits.) 」

Why must not do a wicked act ?

One of the appropriate replies to the question can be found out from Buddhist literature.

Buddha preached as follows in Dhammapada.

“If a man commits a sin,let him not do it again;let him not delight in sin:pain is the outcome of evil.”

“Even an evil-doer sees happiness as long as his evil deed has not ripened;but when his evil deed has ripened, then does the evil doer see evil.”

“Let no man think lightly of evil,saying in his heart,It will not come nigh unto me. Even by the falling of water-drops a water-pot is filled;the fool becomes full of evil,even if he gather it little by little.”

“If a man offend a harmless,pure,and innocent person,the evil falls back upon that fool,like light dust thrown up against the wind.”

“Some people are born again;evil-doers go to hell;righteous people go to heaven;those who are free from all worldly desires attain Nirvana.”

The Buddha is the Awakened One, or the Enlightened One. Dhammapada is one of the Pali Canon, Pali Canon is the Buddhism literature. The Buddha preached as follows in Dhammapada.

“If a man offend a harmless, pure, and innocent person, the evil falls back upon that fool, like light dust thrown up against the wind.”

“He who inflicts pain on innocent and harmless persons will soon come to one of these ten states.
He will have cruel suffering, loss, injury of the body, heavy affliction, or loss of mind, or a misfortune coming from the king, or a fearful accusation, or loss of relations, or destruction of treasures, or lightning-fire will burn his houses, and when his body is destroyed, the fool will go to hell.”

“An evil deed, like newly-drawn milk, does not turn(suddenly), smoldering, like fire covered by ashes, it follows the fool.”

Gautama Buddha is the founder of Buddhism.

He was born in the 6th century BCE as Prince Siddhartha Gautama of the Shakya clan , rulers of a small kingdom in present-day Nepal. As a youth , he confronted the realities of sickness , old age , suffering , and death , he determined to find a way out of the pain that seemed a universal aspect of life. At the age of 29 , he gave up his royal life , left home to become a wandering ascetic, and seeking to find the way in traditional religious disciplines , denying himself everything but the necessities.

However he did not find satisfaction.

After six years, while meditate , he is lost in deep contemplation sitting under a tree one evening , he achieved complete enlightenment, became a Buddha at the age of 35 after all.

He then spent the rest of his life teaching what he had realized ,guiding his followers monastic and lay on the path to spiritual awakening ,until his death at the age oh 80.

The Buddha (Tathagata,Arahat) is the Awakened One,or the Enlightened One.Dhammapada is one of the Pali Canon.Pali Canon is Buddhism Literature.

The Buddha preached about summary of Buddhism as follows in Dhammapada.

“Not to commit any sin,to do good ,and to purify one`s mind ,that is the teaching of (all) the Awakened.”(Dhammapada No.183)

 

 


真言密教の開祖、弘法大師空海様が説いた虐殺、屠殺、殺生、殺戮、殺害の果報、業報について

弘法大師空海

仏教やジャイナ教の教えに屠殺、殺生、殺戮、殺害を戒める教え、戒律が存在する。

真言密教の開祖、弘法大師空海様の晩年の著作「秘密曼荼羅十住心論」の中で殺生の果報として次のように説かれている。

「地持論」にいわく、「殺生の罪はよく衆生をして、三悪道に堕せしむ。

もし人中に生ずれば、二種の果報を得。

一には短命。二には多病なり。」

と。かくのごとくの十悪は、一一にみな五種の果報を備う。

一には、殺生は何が故にか地獄の苦を受くるや。

その殺生は衆生を苦しむをもっての故に、故に身壊し命終すれば、地獄の衆苦、みな来たりて己れを切(せ)む。

二には、殺生は何が故にか出でて畜生となるや。

殺生は慈惻あることなくて、行い人倫に背くをもっての故に、地獄の罪おわりて畜生の身を受く。

三には、殺生は何が故にかまた餓鬼となるや。

その殺生は必ず慳心によりて、滋味を貪著するをもってまた餓鬼となる。

四には、殺生は何が故にか人に生じて短寿を得るや。

その殺生は物の命を残害するをもっての故に短命を得。

五には、殺生は何が故にか兼ねて多病を得るや。

殺生は遺適して衆患競い集まるをもっての故に多病を得るなり。

まさに知るべし、殺生はこれ大苦なり。

また、「雑宝蔵経」にいわく、

「時に一人の鬼ありて、目連に申して曰く、われ常に両肩に目あり、胸に口鼻ありて、常に頭あることなし、何の因縁の故ぞと。

目連答えて曰く、汝、前世の時、恒に、魁膾(かいかい)(屠殺者の主)の弟子となりき。

もし、人を殺す時には、汝常に歓喜の心ありて、縄をもって髻に著けてこれを挽く。

この因縁をもっての故に、かくのごとく罪を受くと。

これはこれ悪行の華報なり。

地獄の苦果はまさに後世にあるなり。

また、一人の鬼ありて、目連に申していわく。我が身は常に塊の如くの肉にして、手、脚、眼、耳、鼻あることなし。

常に蟲鳥の為に食せられて、罪苦耐え難し。

何の因縁の故ぞと、答えていわく、汝、前世の時に、常に他に薬を与えて他の児胎を堕とす。この故にかくのごとくの罪を受くと。

これは華報なり、地獄の華報はまさに後身にあり。といえり。

さらに、因果の道理を知る事の重要性について弘法大師空海様は自身が著された「秘蔵宝鑰」(ひぞうほうやく)の中において次のように説かれている。

「三途の苦は劫を経ても免れがたし。如来の慈父この極苦を見てその因果を説きたもう。

悪の因果を説いてその極苦を抜き、善の因果を示してその極果を授く。

その教えを修するものに略して二種あり。

一には出家、二には在家なり。

出家とは頭を剃り衣を染むる比丘・比丘尼等これなり。

在家とは冠を頂き縷(えい)を絡(まと)える優婆塞(うばそく)・優婆夷(うばい)これなり。

上、天子に達し、下、凡庶に及ぶまで、五戒、十善戒を持(たも)って仏法に帰依するものみなこれなり。

菩薩といっぱ、かくのごとくの在家の人、十善戒を持(たも)って六度の行を修するものこれなり。

出家して大心を発するものもまたこれなり。

悪を断ずるが故に苦を離れ、善を修するが故に楽を得。

下、人天より上、仏果に至るまでみなこれ断悪修善の感得するところなり。

この両趣を示さんがために、大聖教を設けたもう。

仏教すでに存せり。

弘行人に在り。

この故に法を知るものは出家し燈(ともしび)を伝え、道を仰ぐものは道に入って形を改む。(この文章の中での燈とは仏の教法を意味する)

・・・・・・後略・・・・・」

ちなみに真言密教における十善戒とは

不殺生戒

不偸盗戒

不邪淫戒

不偸盗戒

不両舌戒

不悪口戒

無義語戒

不貪欲戒

不瞋恚戒

不邪見戒

を意味する。

 

書籍「弘法大師著作全集 第一巻 弘法大師(著) 勝又俊教(編)山喜房仏書林」参照。

    若き頃、修行中の弘法大師空海

   大日如来